The ancient city of Ephesus was the influential capital city of Asia Minor on the Aegean Sea. Ephesus is now known for its huge metropolis of ancient streets, arches and ruins, including the large gymnasium, library, and 24,000-person amphitheater.
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The ancient city of Ephesus was also home to the Temple of Artemis, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Artemis (later called Diana by the Romans) was the goddess of fertility that supposedly controlled the reproduction of humans, animals, and crops. The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus was known throughout the ancient world for its temple prostitutes and hedonistic celebrations.